How to cite The Queerbait-Tragicqueer-Cishet-comfort Test

BibTeX

@software{carlisle_qt_2020,
location = {{Retrieved from https://qt.bgcarlisle.com/}},
title = {The Queerbait-Tragicqueer-Cishet-comfort Test},
url = {https://qt.bgcarlisle.com/},
organization = {{The Grey Literature}},
date = {2020-04},
author = {Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory}
}
	    

Vancouver

Carlisle BG. The Queerbait-Tragicqueer-Cishet-comfort Test [Internet]. Retrieved from https://qt.bgcarlisle.com/: The Grey Literature; 2020. Available from: https://qt.bgcarlisle.com/

AMA

Carlisle BG. The Queerbait-Tragicqueer-Cishet-comfort Test. Retrieved from https://qt.bgcarlisle.com/: The Grey Literature; 2020. https://qt.bgcarlisle.com/.

MLA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. The Queerbait-Tragicqueer-Cishet-comfort Test. The Grey Literature, 2020, https://qt.bgcarlisle.com/.

Notes for Dune (2021)

Mercifully, the Harkonnen character, at least to my eye, seemed extremely straight-coded, if anything

However, in-canon he's "the archetype of the depraved gay sadist" so ...

I found myself flip-flopping on whether he "counts" as gay, which is why I put him down as ambiguously gay

Notes for Loki (2021)

Season 1

These notes contain possible spoilers

Notes for Squid Game (2021)

Season 1

These notes contain possible spoilers

Notes for Fantasy Island (2020)

These notes contain possible spoilers

Notes for Star Trek: Lower Decks (2020)

Season 2

These notes contain possible spoilers

Notes for Star Trek: Picard (2020)

These notes contain possible spoilers

Notes for Avengers: Endgame (2019)

That guy from the group therapy session with Cap.

Notes for Assassination Nation (2018)

These notes contain possible spoilers

Notes for Venom (2018)

The Venom symbiote may have a different sexuality from its host's, however this is not explored enough to merit being called a "queer character," based on the representation in this film alone

Notes for Destiny 2 (2017)

In-game lore and associated media

These notes contain possible spoilers

Notes for God's Own Country (2017)

Johnny, a young Yorkshire rancher, falls in love with Gheorghe, a Romanian migrant farmhand.

Notes for Star Trek: Discovery (2017)

Seasons 1-2

In the leadup to when this show premiered, the writers, actors and everyone involved fucking *crowed* about how they were going to do gay representation "right."

And by that, they meant that you wouldn't be able to tell it's a gay character.

Notes for Star Trek Beyond (2016)

There's a two-second side-hug between Sulu and a guy who we're supposed to take as his partner

Notes for Call the Midwife (2014)

Season 3+

These notes contain possible spoilers

Notes for The Babadook (2014)

Despite its cherished place in queer culture, there are no in-canon queer characters.

Notes for Brooklyn Nine-Nine (2013)

Very much written for straight comfort:

https://www.huffingtonpost.ca/entry/andre-braugher-brooklyn-nine-nine_n_7189318

https://www.femestella.com/7-times-brooklyn-99-captain-raymond-holt-gay-sterotypes/

Notes for Orphan Black (2013)

Felix is too good for this world; we don't deserve him.

Notes for Gravity Falls (2012)

These notes contain possible spoilers

Notes for Les Misérables (2012)

Valjean doesn't kiss any cute boys at all

Notes for The Legend of Korra (2012)

These notes contain possible spoilers

Notes for Bob's Burgers (2011)

Marshmallow is a recurring but minor character who is a trans sex worker and presented explicitly as such.

Bob is the show's namesake character and is generally presented as straight, but in S04E05 ("Turkey in a Can"), he responds to a gay deli worker's flirtation with "No, maybe-- wait, I'm straight. I mean, I'm mostly straight," and later, "Also, I'm married. But if I wasn't... who am I kidding, you're out of my league!"

Notes for Modern Family (2009)

This is a very heteronormative gay couple.

Notes for Avatar: The Last Airbender (2005)

One of the pirates is arguably queer-coded, but that's it.

Notes for Slings and Arrows (2003)

These notes contain possible spoilers

Notes for Firefly (2002)

These notes contain possible spoilers

Notes for Lord of the Rings (2001)

All of them

Frodo and Sam don't count

Notes for Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (1999)

S07E14, "Chimera"

These notes contain possible spoilers

Notes for Harry Potter (1997)

All of them

I have not included Dumbledore as a queer character because I am only considering representation that is provided in-canon.

Post-hoc revelations made by the author after the book sales are already in the bag do not count.

Fuck off, JKR.

Notes for Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (1995)

S04E05, "Rejoined"

These notes contain possible spoilers

Notes for The Living End (1992)

These notes contain possible spoilers

Notes for Samurai Cop (1991)

It's not good queer representation, and it's not a good movie. It's trashy, racist, sexist and it verges on being a softcore porn.

But it technically passes the test.

I got the name for the gay waiter from IMDB; I'm not sure it's right. But the character is definitely named, because there's a big conversation about him telling the cop his first name.

Notes for Clue (1985)

These notes contain possible spoilers

Notes for Star Wars (1977)

All the numbered episodes

The blink-and-you-miss-it lesbian kiss happens in Star Wars IX at the very end.

Notes for The Rocky Horror Picture Show (1975)

It is, as they say, a "problematic" fave

Notes for Cabaret (1972)

Wilkommen, bienvenue, welcome!!

Notes for Some Like It Hot (1959)

These notes contain possible spoilers

Submit a piece of media

Please do not provide individual ratings of many related media where one summary rating will be equally informative. For example, I have included one entry for all the numbered episodes for Star Wars films, rather than a separate entry for each one.

Submissions will be reviewed for accuracy and informativeness before being posted.

E.g. Film, Television series, Television programme
E.g. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine
E.g. 1999
If it is an individual television programme, give the season, episode number and episode title, if any, in the following format: e.g. S07E14, "Chimera". If all the entries in a film series can be covered with a single entry, do so, e.g. for Star Wars, write "All the numbered episodes".
Provide a link to the IMDB or Wikipedia entry that corresponds to the media in question.
Do not include fan-theories or details disclosed outside the media itself. Do not include campy or kinky cishet people. Only include in-canon queer representation.
The name of the queer character that passes or comes closest to passing all the requirements of The Queerbait-Tragicqueer-Cishet-comfort Test. In the case that there are many queer characters who would score the same, the first in alphabetical order.
E.g. Odo
Would mis-reading this queer character as cishet be very difficult for even a naive cishet person, or one who is very determined to refuse to believe a character is queer? Of course it is impossible to write a queer character in such a way that the most determined cishet person couldn't refuse to acknowledge it.
If the canonicity of a character's queerness depends entirely on a very small detail or a very short scene, it is blink-and-you-miss-it queer representation.
Does the queer character in question meet with a sad ending, or is their story primarily about their misfortunes? This includes, but is not limited to "bury your gays" media, where the queer character is killed.
Does this character seem to have been written mainly to coddle the sensibilities of cishet people, or to make the point that queer people are, or should be, indistinguishable from cishet people? If unclear, use this tool.
Include anything that will provide context to the decisions made, but try to keep it short.
If a prospective reader might be surprised by the contents of the notes entered above, please indicate this.
Optional; but if I have questions and I can't contact you, your submission might just get deleted. For privacy reasons, as soon as I approve a submission, the submitter's email is removed from the database.
Your submission may be edited before being posted for accuracy or informativeness.

Suggest a correction

Please indicate the piece of media to be corrected, what needs to be fixed, and provide a short justification for why.

Please indicate what the error is and provide a brief explanation, if necessary.
Optional; but if I have questions and I can't contact you, your suggested correction might just get deleted. For privacy reasons, all suggested corrections (including the submitter's email address) are deleted from the database automatically after 72 hours.

The Queerbait-Tragicqueer-Cishet-comfort Test

Benjamin Gregory Carlisle PhD

Download this data set

22% (26/117)

of the media reported here have at least one (1) named queer character who:


  • Is clearly, unambiguously queer
  • Isn't a "blink-and-you-miss-it" queer
  • Isn't a tragic queer, and
  • Hasn't been written primarily to make cishet people comfortable

Please note that having "full marks" on this test does not mean that this media is necessarily an example of good queer representation. This test is intentionally a low bar.

Media Queer character(s)1 Name2 Clearly queer3 Non-blink-and-you-miss-it4 Non-tragic5 Not written for cishet comfort6 Notes
Black Widow (2021) Film
No - - - - - -
Dune (2021) Film
Yes Vladimir Harkonnen No Yes No Yes
Foundation (2021) Television series
I've only watched up to S01E02 so far
No - - - - - -
Free Guy (2021) Film
No - - - - - -
Loki (2021) Television series
Season 1
Yes Loki No No Yes Yes
Squid Game (2021) Television series
Season 1
Yes - Yes Yes No Yes
The French Dispatch (2021) Film
Yes Roebuck Wright Yes Yes Yes Yes -
The Green Knight (2021) Film
Yes Gawain Yes No Yes Yes -
Fantasy Island (2020) Film
Yes Brax Weaver Yes Yes No Yes
Star Trek: Discovery (2020) Television season
Season 3
Yes Adira Tal Yes Yes Yes Yes -
Star Trek: Lower Decks (2020) Television season
Season 1
No - - - - - -
Star Trek: Lower Decks (2020) Television season
Season 2
Yes Beckett Mariner Yes No Yes Yes
Star Trek: Picard (2020) Television series
Yes Raffi Musiker Yes No Yes Yes
Tenet (2020) Film
No - - - - - -
Avengers: Endgame (2019) Film
Yes - Yes No No No
Code 8 (2019) Film
No - - - - - -
Knives Out (2019) Film
No - - - - - -
Parasite (2019) Film
No - - - - - -
The Boys (2019) Television series
Yes Maeve Yes Yes Yes Yes -
The Mandalorian (2019) Television series
No - - - - - -
The Twilight Zone (2019) Television programme
S01E07, "Not all men"
Yes Cole Yes Yes Yes Yes -
Assassination Nation (2018) Movie
Yes Bex Warren Yes Yes No Yes
Crazy Rich Asians (2018) Film
Yes Oliver T'sien Yes Yes Yes Yes -
Isle of Dogs (2018) Film
No - - - - - -
The Haunting of Hill House (2018) Television series
Yes Theodora Crain Yes Yes Yes Yes -
The Horror of Dolores Roach (2018) Podcast
Season 1
No - - - - - -
Venom (2018) Film
No - - - - -
American Gods (2017) Television series
Yes Salim Yes Yes Yes Yes -
Charité at War (2017) Television series
Season 1
Yes Martin Schelling Yes Yes Yes Yes -
Destiny 2 (2017) Video Game
In-game lore and associated media
Yes Like, all of them Yes Yes Yes Yes
God's Own Country (2017) Film
Yes Johnny Saxon Yes Yes Yes Yes
Star Trek: Discovery (2017) Television season
Seasons 1-2
Yes Dr Hugh Culber Yes Yes No No
Arrival (2016) Film
No - - - - - -
Black Mirror (2016) Television programme
S03E04, "San Junipero"
Yes Kelly Booth Yes Yes Yes Yes -
Inferno (2016) Film
No - - - - - -
Moonlight (2016) Film
Yes Chiron Yes Yes Yes Yes -
Snowden (2016) Film
No - - - - - -
Star Trek Beyond (2016) Film
Yes Sulu No No Yes No
Stranger Things (2016) Television series
Yes Robin Yes Yes Yes Yes -
The Good Place (2016) Television series
Yes John Wheaton Yes Yes Yes Yes -
Sense8 (2015) Television series
Yes Like, all of them Yes Yes Yes Yes -
The Big Short (2015) Film
No - - - - - -
Call the Midwife (2014) Television series
Season 3+
Yes Patsy Mount Yes Yes No Yes
How to Get Away with Murder (2014) Television series
I've only watched up to season 1
Yes Connor Walsh Yes Yes Yes Yes -
The Babadook (2014) Film
No - - - - -
The Grand Budapest Hotel (2014) Film
No - - - - - -
The Imitation Game (2014) Film
Yes Alan Turing Yes Yes No Yes -
Brooklyn Nine-Nine (2013) Television series
Yes Raymond Holt Yes Yes Yes No
Orphan Black (2013) Television series
Yes Felix Dawkins Yes Yes Yes Yes
Gravity Falls (2012) Television series
Yes Grenda Grendinator No Yes Yes Yes
Les Misérables (2012) Film
No - - - - -
Looper (2012) Film
No - - - - - -
Skyfall (2012) Film
Yes Raoul Silva No Yes No Yes -
The Legend of Korra (2012) Television series
Yes Korra No No Yes No
Welcome to Night Vale (2012) Podcast
Yes Cecil Yes Yes Yes Yes -
Bob's Burgers (2011) Television series
Yes Marshmallow, Bob Belcher Yes No Yes Yes
Drive (2011) Film
No - - - - - -
Inception (2010) Film
No - - - - - -
Angels & Demons (2009) Film
No - - - - - -
Modern Family (2009) Television series
Yes Cameron Tucker Yes Yes Yes No
Sweeny Todd (2006) Film
No - - - - - -
The Da Vinci Code (2006) Film
No - - - - - -
Torchwood (2006) Television series
Yes Captain Jack Harkness Yes Yes Yes Yes -
Avatar: The Last Airbender (2005) Television series
No - - - - -
Constantine (2005) Film
No - - - - - -
Doctor Who (2005) Television series
Season 10
Yes Bill Potts Yes Yes Yes Yes -
Lockpick Pornography (2005) Book
by Joey Comeau
Yes Alex Yes Yes Yes Yes -
V is for Vendetta (2005) Film
Yes Deitrich Yes Yes No Yes -
Battlestar Galactica (2004) Television series
No - - - - - -
Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004) Film
No - - - - - -
Howl's Moving Castle (2004)
No - - - - - -
Primer (2004) Film
No - - - - - -
The Manchurian Candidate (2004) Film
No - - - - - -
Slings and Arrows (2003) Television series
Yes Oliver Welles Yes Yes See notes Yes
Firefly (2002) Television series
Yes Inara Yes No Yes Yes
Gosford Park (2001) Film
Yes Henry Denton No Yes Yes Yes -
Lord of the Rings (2001) Film
All of them
No - - - - -
American Psycho (2000) Film
Yes Luis Carruthers Yes Yes Yes Yes -
Queer as Folk (2000) Television series
American
Yes Emmett Honeycutt Yes Yes Yes Yes -
Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (1999) Television programme
S07E14, "Chimera"
Yes Laas No Yes No Yes
The Big Lebowski (1998) Film
No - - - - - -
Harry Potter (1997) Books and film
All of them
No - - - - -
Fargo (1996) Film
No - - - - - -
Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (1995) Television programme
S04E05, "Rejoined"
Yes Jadzia Dax Yes Yes No Yes
The Usual Suspects (1995) Film
No - - - - - -
Pulp Fiction (1994) Film
No - - - - - -
Super Mario Bros. (1993) Film
No - - - - - -
The Living End (1992) Film
Yes Jon Yes Yes See notes Yes
Samurai Cop (1991) Film
Yes Joselito C. Rescober Yes Yes Yes Yes
Terminator 2 (1991) Film
No - - - - - -
Thelma and Louise (1991) Film
Yes Louise No No No Yes -
Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988) Film
No - - - - - -
Back to the Future (1985) Film
All of them
No - - - - - -
Clue (1985) Film
No - - - - -
The Breakfast Club (1985) Film
No - - - - - -
Terminator (1984) Film
No - - - - - -
Blade Runner (1982) Film
No - - - - - -
Indiana Jones (1981) Film
All of them
No - - - - - -
Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977) Film
No - - - - - -
Star Wars (1977) Film
All the numbered episodes
Yes Commander D'Acy Yes No Yes No
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975) Film
No - - - - - -
The Rocky Horror Picture Show (1975) Film
Yes Magenta Yes Yes Yes Yes
Dark Star (1974) Film
No - - - - - -
Cabaret (1972) Film
Yes Sally Bowles Yes Yes Yes Yes
Bonnie and Clyde (1967) Film
No - - - - - -
Dr Strangelove (1964) Film
No - - - - - -
The Manchurian Candidate (1962) Film
No - - - - - -
Psycho (1960) Film
No - - - - - -
Some Like It Hot (1959) Film
Yes Osgood Fielding III Yes No Yes Yes
Vertigo (1958) Film
No - - - - - -
12 Angry Men (1957) Film
No - - - - - -
Rebel Without a Cause (1955) Film
No - - - - - -
Rear Window (1954) Film
No - - - - - -
Singin' in the Rain (1952) Film
No - - - - - -
Sunset Boulevard (1950) Film
No - - - - - -
Casablanca (1942) Film
No - - - - - -
Citizen Kane (1941) Film
No - - - - - -

Details

1. Does not include fan-theories or details disclosed outside the media itself. Does not include campy or kinky cishet people. This only includes in-canon queer representation. For clarity: "allies" are not queer.

2. The name of the queer character that passes or comes closest to passing all the requirements of The Queerbait-Tragicqueer-Cishet-comfort Test. In the case that there are many queer characters who would score the same, the first in alphabetical order. Because the name of a queer character may itself be a spoiler, they have been blurred. Mouse-over the cell in the table to reveal the name, or tap it on a mobile browser.

3. Would mis-reading this queer character as cishet be very difficult for even a naive cishet person, or one who is very determined to refuse to believe a character is queer? Of course it is impossible to write a queer character in such a way that the most determined cishet person couldn't refuse to acknowledge it.

5. Does the queer character in question meet with a sad ending, or is their story primarily about their misfortunes? This includes, but is not limited to "bury your gays" media, where the queer character is killed.

6. Does this character seem to have been written mainly to coddle the sensibilities of cishet people, or to make the point that queer people are, or should be, indistinguishable from cishet people? If unclear, use this tool.